Mobile app testing is the process of evaluating and confirming a mobile app’s performance and quality. In other words, you can test a mobile app to make sure it satisfies all technical and end-user requirements before releasing it to the market (the Play Store for all Google or Android-based mobile devices, and the App Store for iOS devices). All mobile applications created for portable devices are tested for usability, stability, and functionality.
The creation of several mobile apps has caused this dependency on mobile devices to quickly rise. We can do a variety of daily tasks and meet our professional commitments with the aid of these apps. By 2025, 18.22 billion mobile devices are anticipated to be in use, according to Statista.
Businesses are now using mobile apps as a crucial tool for growing their operations and connecting with their audiences. Mobile app testing is becoming an essential step in the process due to the quick growth of mobile web, hybrid, and native apps. Therefore, ensuring an app offers a consistent experience across all platforms and OS versions is crucial. Teams can now test apps for functionality, usability, and consistency across various devices and operating systems. Now let us dive into this Guide to Mobile App Testing.
What is Mobile App Testing?
The practice of testing produced mobile apps for usability, performance, security, and functionality is known as mobile application testing. Testing a mobile app makes ensuring that it complies with technical and commercial standards.
Testing a mobile app frequently involves looking at both functional and non-functional elements of the app. It is examined by highly qualified professionals for consistency, usability, performance, and compatibility with a variety of systems and devices. There will be 255 billion mobile app downloads in 2022, demonstrating the importance of releasing carefully thought-out apps in order to grab consumers’ attention.
Mobile apps must be fully functional before being released on the market due to the increasing demand for them. Mobile app functional, security, and performance testing are used to achieve this.
Mobile apps are tested across a wide range of screen resolutions, devices, OS versions, and network bandwidths through the use of multiple testing methodologies. Additionally, mobile app testing examines mobile apps’ performance, security, user experience, and compatibility.
Mobile app testing is an essential step in the creation of mobile apps because it helps spot problems and ensures quick corrections. This improves user experience, boosts user satisfaction, and reduces the chance of unfavorable reviews, revenue loss, and app abandonment. When you hire iOS app developers and companies, they prioritize mobile app testing to ensure that mobile apps are of good quality and match user expectations.
Why Mobile App Testing?
Creating mobile apps is mostly done to expand your business and connect with as many potential clients as you can on a global basis. What if users believe the mobile apps you developed are complicated to use? Customers have a decent probability of uninstalling programs from their handsets. Because of this, no Android app development company wants a customer to delete their mobile apps in favor of a rival. Mobile app testing is crucial in this situation since it reveals specifics about how Android app development India works.
Mobile applications need to undergo appropriate and rigorous testing to ensure they meet end users’ demands and goals. The user removes or deletes the program after a negative encounter.
When you test mobile apps, you can identify any issues and errors that could impair their performance. If the errors and flaws were fixed as soon as feasible, the end user would be happy with the mobile apps. Before being made available to end users, mobile apps must undergo rigorous testing to ensure that they are dependable, secure, and user-friendly.
Benefits of Mobile App Testing
Mobile app testing is an essential step in the development process that testers carry out to the best of their abilities. Knowing the advantages of mobile app testing will help you get started and ensure that you don’t skip this important step. Following are a few advantages of mobile app testing:
Ensure usability of the user interface (UI) and user experience (UX)
The ability to test programs from the end user’s standpoint is provided by app testing. By replicating normal user behavior and evaluating the look and feel of mobile apps, researchers can determine how usable and user-friendly they are. Mobile apps are tested on many platforms and screen sizes by testers who also look for any navigational errors and logical flow. This aids in assessing the usefulness of the mobile app’s UI/UX.
Ensure proper functioning
Testing mobile apps enables verification of the efficiency and smoothness of their operations. The ability of consumers to successfully download the software to various devices, for instance, can be tested by testers. or whether the mobile app communicates with the infrastructure that is supported. So, using mobile app testing, you can confirm that the mobile app runs without a hitch.
High customer retention
The usability, functionality, and performance of mobile apps may be assured, which tends to improve the end-user experience. End users are more likely to use the app and suggest it to a friend, which boosts the app’s reputation and increases sales in the software market.
Identify security vulnerabilities
Mobile app testing is done to confirm and examine any security flaws, such as data leaks or unauthorized access, in the apps. Thus, a key advantage of app testing is that it guards against potential security flaws and data breaches.
Lower costs for developing mobile apps
While the mobile app is still being developed, faults and defects can be easily and promptly found. This guarantees that they are corrected quickly and avoids the significant expense of addressing defects later.
Creating a Mobile App Testing Strategy
The secret to any successful app story is a positive user experience. Because of this, the majority of popular applications have a careful testing procedure and strategy to guarantee the highest quality of the app’s delivery. And regardless of the device, this quality should be consistent for all consumers. You must therefore test your app across all widely used platforms that your users may access. For this reason, you must develop an excellent plan for testing mobile applications.
Let’s look at some considerations you should bear in mind when developing an app testing plan in this section of the mobile app testing tutorial:
It is impossible to test your app on all current devices, making it impossible to achieve complete device compatibility in mobile software testing. Therefore, it is essential to check the documentation and determine the precise Android versions needed for your features to work. As a result, you may build a solid matrix of gadgets that work with your application. understanding the instruments well
A solid understanding of tools will ensure test quality because they act as a bridge between your test script and mobile apps. The technique listed below can help you determine which tools are best for your project:
- Manage your expectations: Despite the fact that many tools have features in common, you must acknowledge that each tool is unique. Setting up the project’s necessary criteria is the greatest way to remove many tools from the pool. Depending on the project you’re working on, this may change.
- Test your teamwork abilities: After criteria have been established and categorized, the next step is to assess your team’s skills. The best strategy is to always use the tools that your staff is most familiar with.
- Look at the tools and frameworks in use today: Several choices are available for optimizing your mobile app strategy using the tools and frameworks of today. If your software project has already undergone testing, your team is aware of the problems with the tool.
In order to improve your testing approach and other aspects of software development, documentation is a crucial step. Testing mobile apps follows the same principles. Although it is not essential to “testing” or “coding,” documentation is just as important as creating a plan for testing mobile applications.
Several pertinent significant document initiatives for testing mobile applications are listed below:
- The software required specifications are listed in this document.
- Test design documentation
- Case details for tests
- Description of the testing procedure
- Test strategy provides test results reports
- Test plan documentation and test log documentation
- Bug reporting documentation
- Data documentation for tests
- Report about a test-related incident or problem
- Test analysis Multi-platform testing
Cross-platform mobile app testing tools and frameworks can run the same tests on iOS and Android applications. Because it saves time, it is a great plan.
When you have one test script per test, you can edit all of the tests in one spot and focus on creating new test scripts rather than writing duplicates. Utilizing such frameworks will also help you produce less work in the future.
Set the parameters for the automation testing
Automated testing is included in the Software Development Life Cycle to save time and reduce repetitive effort. But in order to accomplish these goals, we must first choose what we will handle ourselves versus what we will leave to the system. Or, to put it another way, how should we divide our automated tests to increase testing efficiency for mobile apps?
The project will typically determine how to divide up automation testing. Each project has specific requirements and qualities. As a result, properly separate your tests into different parts before you start, as these may continue when your mobile app receives successive updates.
Mobile App Testing Checklist
Regardless of the genre, every mobile app you’ve downloaded on your phone is made to offer simple and rapid navigation. App users frequently search for new content that can add value because they have a short attention span. They constantly desire a fantastic app experience at the same time. Quality is therefore the cornerstone of any high-quality mobile app.
Before releasing your product, you should as a developer make sure that it satisfies the most crucial requirements. To make sure you have thought of all the important components of the mobile app, consult the checklist for testing mobile apps provided below.
- Test the mobile apps’ many features, such as call handling, message exchanging, responding to notifications, interrupt handling, and others.
- Checking that mobile apps are cross-platform compatible with all relevant devices, operating systems, screen resolutions, and other elements.
- Considers various traffic levels, stress/load levels, end-user circumstances, CPU and GPU frequencies, install time, app launch and unload time, power modes supported by devices, and network conditions to determine whether the mobile app can operate properly.
- By considering zoom in/out, font size, speech recognition, VoiceOver, and TalkBack capabilities, you can make sure mobile apps are accessible.
- Make sure the mobile application functions in various locales and languages.
How to Perform Mobile App Testing?
It’s crucial to do end-to-end testing for mobile apps in order to conduct accurate and reliable testing. When you decide to hire Android app developers, it guarantees the smooth operation of mobile apps.
The steps to do mobile app development services are covered in this section of the tutorial on mobile app testing:
Step 1: Create a test plan
You should first create a detailed outline of the test that will be conducted for mobile apps. Include as many test plans and use cases as you can in the list. Next, make a quick decision regarding the test you wish to run and the sprint’s anticipated outcome.
Step 2: Choosing test type
You now have a test plan, and you must decide what kind of mobile testing strategy to use. For instance, decide if you want to automate or manually test the mobile app. You must, however, pay attention to a few considerations when selecting the testing type. Examples of situations where you should conduct automation testing are described in this section of the mobile app testing tutorial:
- If the test method yields the anticipated result: You should opt to do test automation for any type of conditional testing if you are already aware of the result.
- If the use case must be executed frequently: It is preferable to automate any routine tests that must be executed frequently to check the functionality of fundamental mobile apps.
- Mobile devices come in a variety of sizes and resolutions for their screens. It would take too long to manually test mobile apps on different devices to assure compatibility. Automation is therefore advised.
- You should keep in mind that automating the testing of minor parts of mobile apps makes the process more effective and manageable. However, if you need to test the system repeatedly, always go for manual testing.
Step 3: Preparing test cases
You must now develop test cases in order to carry out the test after choosing the type of mobile testing to use. You must choose the best strategy, such as requirement-based testing and business scenario-based testing, in this part of the mobile app testing lesson.
Depending on the test you’ll run, the type of test cases you define will vary. There are two major areas of testing that mobile apps go through, which are as follows:
- Functional testing: This encompasses system testing, acceptability testing, regression testing, and other types of testing.
- Non-functional testing: This category includes tests for security, volume, performance, load, compliance, and so on.
Step 4: Manual Testing
It is usually recommended to employ both manual and automated testing techniques when selecting an Agile testing framework in order to carry out effective testing. However, the testing sprint should always start with exploratory testing when testing mobile apps.
It is always chosen in the first stage because it does not demand any initial investment. You should retain logs of the whole testing session in an Excel or Word document to preserve a record of the test.
Two techniques can be used for manual testing:
- Emulators and simulators are the tools that allow you to simulate genuine mobile devices and use them to execute tests on your computer system.
- Testing on actual hardware Real devices are actual pieces of hardware that are used to evaluate software programs or computer systems. Any physical device that is connected to the Internet, including a smartphone, tablet, laptop, desktop computer, server, or other wired device, is referred to as a real device.
Step 5: Automated Testing
It can take a while to do testing manually because it involves checking every aspect of the mobile app’s functionality. Therefore, automation of the test is advised for routine and expected tests.
Testing by automation saves time and labor. Additionally, testers mostly conduct load testing, performance testing, spike testing, and stress testing via automation. According to your test requirements (described in the above section of the mobile app testing tutorial), you should be careful when selecting the appropriate automation tools.
Step 6: Usability & Beta testing
Prior to their release on the market, mobile apps must undergo usability and beta testing to uncover important and hidden flaws. To receive input from actual users, you can start usability testing while the design process is still in progress. Developers can show off possible features and narrow down the list of people who have received them exactly as intended.
When the mobile app is prepared and the developers are ready to release it, beta testing is carried out.
Step 7: Performance testing
The full functionality of the mobile app can be determined through performance testing. You must now test the performance of your program as a whole after testing various features of it. If there is a lot of end-user traffic, you can immediately determine the scalability, performance, and reliability of the mobile app. Additionally, any system errors are checked via the mobile app.
Step 8: Security testing
You must test the security of the mobile app before releasing it on the market. You must conduct security testing and make sure it complies with different data security standards including HIPAA, PCI DSS, and FFIEC. You will be able to evaluate the threat posed by malware, app hackers, and unwanted access to private information.
Step 9: End-to-end testing
Developers should eventually conduct an end-to-end test sprint once all intended mobile app tests have been completed. It is done to make sure that the back end and server functionality of the mobile app meet expectations. This will guarantee that the mobile application is prepared for upload.
Repeating end-to-end testing will allow you to swiftly address any problems that are discovered in the mobile app. The mobile app is, nevertheless, published to the App stores if no significant bugs are detected.
Everyone’s daily existence now revolves around their mobile device. As it expands, more of its various applications become apparent. People use it for a variety of purposes, including amusement and shopping. What is the best way for a business to grow and be visible at all times given that a user spends more than 200 minutes each day on a mobile device? However, because everyone is aware of it, it develops in everyone.
Due to the intense competition, even the smallest fault in your application may disqualify it. It makes testing mobile applications essential. Thus, always connect with the right mobile app development company for top-notch services.
Why is mobile app testing important?
Testing your mobile app is important since it guarantees that it runs well on a variety of platforms and devices and offers a satisfying user experience. It aids in finding and fixing bugs, security holes, and performance problems, ultimately improving the app’s dependability and user experience.
What are the common types of mobile app testing?
There are two types of mobile app testing. Functional testing, which examines features and functionality, usability testing, performance testing, security testing, and performance testing are common forms of mobile app testing. Performance testing evaluates speed and responsiveness, while security testing looks for vulnerabilities. Every type has a distinct function that helps to create well-rounded applications.
When should I start mobile app testing during custom mobile app development?
Testing for mobile apps should start as soon as possible after custom mobile app development. Once individual components are complete, begin unit testing. Next, perform integration testing to see how these components function. At every stage of development, test again to find problems before they become expensive to rectify.
What are some popular mobile app testing tools?
There are many well-liked solutions for testing mobile apps, such as Appium for automated testing, TestFlight for beta-testing iOS apps, and Firebase Test Lab for testing Android apps. AWS Device Farm, Xamarin Test Cloud, and Selenium are a few examples of tools that are frequently used for cross-platform and device-specific testing.